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What general HTML should I know when looking at template code?

Templates & Editor Updated on March 28, 2019

When viewing the template code, you will most likely see the following HTML code:

 

Basic Elements
Document Type <HTML></HTML> (beginning and end of file)
Title <TITLE></TITLE> (must be in header)
Header <HEAD></HEAD> (descriptive info, such as title)
Body <BODY></BODY> (bulk of the page)
Structural Definition
Heading <H?></H?> (the spec. defines 6 levels)
Align Heading <H? ALIGN=LEFT|CENTER|RIGHT></H?>
Division <DIV></DIV>
Align Division <DIV ALIGN=LEFT|RIGHT|CENTER|JUSTIFY></DIV>
Defined Content <SPAN></SPAN>
Block Quote <BLOCKQUOTE></BLOCKQUOTE> (usually indented)
Emphasis <EM></EM> (usually displayed as italic)
Strong Emphasis <STRONG></STRONG> (usually displayed as bold)
Citation <CITE></CITE> (usually italics)
Code <CODE></CODE> (for source code listings)
Variable <VAR></VAR>
Definition <DFN></DFN> (not widely implemented)
Author’s Address <ADDRESS></ADDRESS>
Large Font Size <BIG></BIG>
Large Font Size <SMALL></SMALL>
Presentation Formatting
Bold <B></B>
Italic <I></I>
Underline <U></U> (not widely implemented)
Strikeout <STRIKE></STRIKE> (not widely implemented)
Strikeout <S></S> (not widely implemented)
Subscript <SUB></SUB>
Superscript <SUP></SUP>
Preformatted <PRE></PRE> (display text spacing as-is)
Center <CENTER></CENTER> (for both text and images)
Font Size <FONT SIZE=?></FONT> (ranges from 1-7)
Font Color <FONT COLOR="#$$$$$$"></FONT>
Select Font <FONT FACE="***"></FONT>
Weight <FONT WEIGHT=?></FONT>
Marquee <MARQUEE></MARQUEE>
Links and Graphics
Link Something <A HREF="URL"></A>
Link to Location <A HREF="URL#***"></A> (if in another document)
<A HREF="#***"></A> (if in current document)
Target Window <A HREF="URL" TARGET="***"></A>
Link to Email <A HREF="mailto:@"></A>
Specify Subject <A HREF="mailto:@?SUBJECT=***"></A> (use a real question mark)
Define Location <A NAME="***"></A>
Display Image <IMG SRC="URL">
Alignment <IMG SRC="URL" ALIGN=TOP|BOTTOM|MIDDLE|LEFT|RIGHT>
Alignment <IMG SRC="URL" ALIGN=TEXTTOP|ABSMIDDLE|BASELINE|ABSBOTTOM>
Alternate <IMG SRC="URL" ALT="***"> (if image not displayed)
Dimensions <IMG SRC="URL" WIDTH=? HEIGHT=?> (in pixels)
<IMG SRC="URL" WIDTH=% HEIGHT=%> (as percentage of page width/height)
Border <IMG SRC="URL" BORDER=?> (in pixels)
Runaround Space <IMG SRC="URL" HSPACE=? VSPACE=?> (in pixels)
Imagemap <IMG SRC="URL" USEMAP="URL">
Client-Side Map <MAP NAME="***"></MAP> (describes the map)
Map Section <AREA SHAPE="DEFAULT|RECT|CIRCLE|POLY" COORDS=",,," HREF="URL"|NOHREF>
Dividers
Paragraph <P></P> (closing tag often unnecessary)
Align Text <P ALIGN=LEFT|CENTER|RIGHT></P>
Justify Text <P ALIGN=JUSTIFY></P>
Line Break <BR> (a single carriage return)
Clear Textwrap <BR CLEAR=LEFT|RIGHT|ALL>
Horizontal Rule <HR>
Alignment <HR ALIGN=LEFT|RIGHT|CENTER>
Thickness <HR SIZE=?> (in pixels)
Width <HR WIDTH=?> (in pixels)
Width Percent <HR WIDTH="%"> (as a percentage of page width)
Lists
Unordered List <UL><LI></UL> (<LI> goes before each list item)
Compact <UL COMPACT></UL>
Bullet Type <UL TYPE=DISC|CIRCLE|SQUARE> (for the whole list)
Bullet Type <LI TYPE=DISC|CIRCLE|SQUARE> (this & subsequent)
Ordered List <OL><LI></OL> (<LI> goes before each list item)
Numbering Type <OL TYPE=A|a|I|i|1> (for the whole list)
Numbering Type <LI TYPE=A|a|I|i|1> (this & subsequent)
Starting Number <OL START=?> (for the whole list)
Starting Number <LI VALUE=?> (this & subsequent)
Definition List <DL><DT><DD></DL> (<DT>=term, <DD>=definition)
Backgrounds and Colors
Tiled Bkground <BODY BACKGROUND="URL">
Bkground Color <BODY BGCOLOR="#$$$$$$"> (order is red/green/blue)
Text Color <BODY TEXT="#$$$$$$">
Link Color <BODY LINK="#$$$$$$">
Visited Link <BODY VLINK="#$$$$$$">
Active Link <BODY ALINK="#$$$$$$">
Tables
Define Table <TABLE></TABLE>
Table Alignment <TABLE ALIGN=LEFT|RIGHT|CENTER>
Table Border <TABLE BORDER></TABLE> (either on or off)
Table Border <TABLE BORDER=?></TABLE> (you can set the value)
Cell Spacing <TABLE CELLSPACING=?>
Cell Padding <TABLE CELLPADDING=?>
Desired Width <TABLE WIDTH=?> (in pixels)
Width Percent <TABLE WIDTH=%> (percentage of page)
Table Color <TABLE BGCOLOR="$$$$$$"></TABLE>
Table Row <TR></TR>
Alignment <TR ALIGN=LEFT|RIGHT|CENTER|MIDDLE|BOTTOM>
Table Cell <TD></TD> (must appear within table rows)
Alignment <TD ALIGN=LEFT|RIGHT|CENTER VALIGN=TOP|MIDDLE|BOTTOM>
No linebreaks <TD NOWRAP>
Columns to Span <TD COLSPAN=?>
Rows to Span <TD ROWSPAN=?>
Desired Width <TD WIDTH=?> (in pixels)
Width Percent <TD WIDTH="%"> (percentage of table)
Cell Color <TD BGCOLOR="#$$$$$$">
Header Cell <TH></TH> (same as data, except bold centered)
Alignment <TH ALIGN=LEFT|RIGHT|CENTER|MIDDLE|BOTTOM>
No Linebreaks <TH NOWRAP>
Columns to Span <TH COLSPAN=?>
Rows to Span <TH ROWSPAN=?>
Desired Width <TH WIDTH=?> (in pixels)
Width Percent <TH WIDTH="%"> (percentage of table)
Cell Color <TH BGCOLOR="#$$$$$$">
Table Body <TBODY>
Columns Spanned <COL SPAN=?></COL>
Column Width <COL WIDTH=?></COL>
Width Percent <COL WIDTH="%"></COL>
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